Although still considered rare, cases of Alabama rot (or CRGV) in dogs have risen in recent years after it was first identified in the US in the 1980s. Keep reading for our advice on what it is, how to spot it and what to do if your dog is affected.
What is Alabama rot?
Alabama rot is a disease that affects dogs by blocking and damaging the blood vessels in their skin and kidneys. Those affected will usually develop painful ulcers or sores on their legs and can eventually develop kidney failure, which is usually fatal.
The disease first appeared among greyhounds in the US state of Alabama in the 1980s, but the number of cases subsequently fell, and no clinical research was carried out. This lack of understanding means no one has been able to determine the cause and it’s only recognisable by its symptoms.
The disease has reportedly affected around 191 dogs in the UK between November 2012 and October 2019, with initial cases found in the New Forest area. While it’s still very rare, affected dogs have been found in other areas of the UK and numbers are slowly increasing.
Locations of confirmed cases of Alabama Rot in the UK
The disease first appeared in the UK around the New Forest area, but cases have spread across the country, with several reports around the north-east, particularly the Bolton and Manchester area.
A number of cases have also developed around London and Surrey and the first report in Essex appeared in June 2019. Cornwall and Devon have also seen a handful of cases throughout the south-west.
Alabama rot has also been reported in south Wales near Newport, in the Republic of Ireland near Dublin and on the east coast of Northern Ireland.
Alabama rot symptoms in dogs
The first signs of the disease are painful skin lesions, sores and ulcers, usually around the paws and lower legs; they can also appear on the dog’s face, mouth, tongue and lower body. Usually, this will cause hair loss around the area as well as excessive licking.
As the condition progresses, usually after three days, signs of kidney failure will appear, including loss of appetite, tiredness and vomiting.
If you find tell-tale sores on your dog, or they’re exhibiting the signs of kidney failure, contact your vet as soon as possible. The earlier the disease is caught and treated, the higher the chance of recovery.
Preventing Alabama rot in dogs
While there’s no way to actively prevent Alabama rot, there is some evidence to suggest it’s seasonal, with most cases occurring between November and June. It’s also suspected that the disease spreads from muddy and wooded areas, so always rinse off your dog after a walk in these areas as soon as possible.
It’s important to remember that cases of the disease are still very low, so there’s little reason to be worried. Early detection is the only way to give your dog the best chance of survival, so check your dog’s body regularly for sores, lumps and lesions.
Alabama rot treatment
Unfortunately, most dogs that develop Alabama rot don’t survive, but some can fight off the disease and live with minimal damage if it’s caught early.
Your vet will assess your dog’s symptoms and decide whether the affected skin needs covering and what treatment to give.
In August 2018, the Royal Veterinary College announced a breakthrough treatment called plasmapheresis, which filters the blood of toxins before returning it back into the body. Out of six affected dogs that received this pioneering treatment, two made a full recovery, marking the first time that severely affected dogs survived the disease.
Poisoning is very serious and can be fatal if left untreated. The average household is littered with hidden dangers. Keeping these well out of paw’s reach is vital to protecting your dog.